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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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ITS RUISOUS AND NEGLECTED CONDITION.                           245
In anticipation of a visit from Aurangzebj the image of ike god was
transferred to Jaipur,, and the Grosaia of the temple there lias ever since been
regarded as the head of the endowment. The name of the present incumbent
is Syam Sandar, whr, has two agents, resident at Brinda-ban. There was
said to be still in existence at Jay pur the original plan of the tempfej showing
its fire towers, but on Inspection I found thai the paintiagj which is on the
•wall of one of the rooms in the old pakce at Amber, was not a plaa of the
temple at all, but an imaginary Tiew of the town of Brrada-ban, in. which all the
temples are represented as exactly allke3 distinguishable only by their names,
which are written, above them. However, local tradition is fully agreed as to
the smaller and position of the towers^ while their architectural character can be
determined beyoad a doubt by comparison wiiih the smaller temples of the
same age and sty!e7 the roins of which still remain. It is therefore not a little
strange that of all the architects who iiaTe described this famous building, not
one has noticed its most characteristic feature—the harmonious combination
of dome and spire—which is still quoted as the great crux of modern ari^ though
nearly 300 years ago the dlfSeolty was soiYed by the Hindus with character-
istic grace and ingenuity.
From the reiga of Aurangzeh to the present time not a single step had ever
been taken to ensure the preservation from farther decay of this most interesting
architectoral monument. It was looked upon by the people in the neighbour-
as a convenient quarry^ where every house-builder was at liberty to excavate
for materials ; while large trees had been aEowed to grow up in the fissures of
the wills, aid in the course of a few more summers their spreading roots would
IISTA caused irreparable damage. Accordingly, after am ineffectual attempt to
aaiist the sympathies of the Archaeological Department^ ihe writer toot the op-
portunity of Sir William ifair^s presence in the district, on tour, to solicit the
adoption on the part of the Government of soaae means for averting a catastrophe
that every student of arcMtectnre throughout the world womld have regarded as
a national disgrace. Unfortunately he declined to sanction any grant from Pro-
vincial fends, but allowed a representatioH of the ruinous condition of the tem-
ple and its special interest to be made to the GrGYemment of India3 for comtnoniea-
tion to the Mab&raja of Jaypur, as the representative of ifce founder,* His
• TMa Hat of ution was, if 1 may Ibealloved to »y so, eiteeady ill-advised. »iaee it amcwmted
to a qttafii-recs^aitioB of the MaMraja's proprietary right in lite temple. TMs year, Cl &82,) ome of Ms
local amenta, on the occasion of a wedding in hi* family, gair« an entertainnunt to hi» friends in the
centra! space mxder the dome and thought nothing of whitewashing the walls and pillars of the
interior op to about half Ibeir height, thaaniniBg' the wcMtector»I effect, which «fej»ea«la so much